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The minimal genre is of several kinds, but the most popular are minimal house and minimal techno.

Minimal House

It is a subcategory of house music. It is characterized by relatively slow periods, the use of fewer elements and a minimal structure. The ancestor is Detroit DJ and producer Robert Hood.

Minimal House is characterized by a typical 4/4 rhythm with a bass drum each quarter. The rate is usually between 115 and 130 BPM. The main instrumental pieces consist essentially of rhythmic elements that are used very little and specifically. The structure is often complemented by monotonous and disharmonious, atonal synthesizer chords.

Minimal Techno

Is a minimalist subgenre of techno music. It is characterized by a stripped-down aesthetic that exploits the use of repetition and understated development. Minimal techno is thought to have been originally developed in the early 1990s by Detroit-based producers Robert Hood and Daniel Bell. By the early 2000s the term ‘minimal’ generally described a style of techno that was popularised in Germany by labels such as KompaktPerlon, and Richie Hawtin’s M-nus, among others.

Minimal techno first emerged in the early 1990s. The development of the style is often attributed to a so-called “second wave” of American producers associated with Detroit techno. According to Derrick May, “while the first-wave artists were enjoying their early global success, techno also inspired many up-and-coming DJs and bedroom producers in Detroit”. This younger generation included producers such as Richie HawtinDaniel BellRobert HoodJeff MillsCarl CraigKenny Larkin, and Mike Banks. The work of several of these artists evolved to become focused on minimalism.